[1]刘发明,江桂华,杨宁,等.新型冠状病毒肺炎的影像组学研究[J].中国医学物理学杂志,2020,37(4):463-467.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-202X.2020.04.012]
 LIU Faming,JIANG Guihua,YANG Ning,et al.Radiomics analysis on COVID-19[J].Chinese Journal of Medical Physics,2020,37(4):463-467.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-202X.2020.04.012]
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新型冠状病毒肺炎的影像组学研究()
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《中国医学物理学杂志》[ISSN:1005-202X/CN:44-1351/R]

卷:
37
期数:
2020年第4期
页码:
463-467
栏目:
医学影像物理
出版日期:
2020-04-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Radiomics analysis on COVID-19
文章编号:
1005-202X(2020)04-0463-05
作者:
刘发明1江桂华2杨宁2魏小权1黄小杏1关琴1
1.孝昌县第一人民医院放射科, 湖北 孝感 432900; 2.广东省第二人民医院影像科, 广东 广州 510317
Author(s):
LIU Faming1 JIANG Guihua2 YANG Ning2 WEI Xiaoquan1 HUANG Xiaoxing1 GUAN Qin1
1. Department of Radiation, Xiaochang First People’s Hospital, Xiaogan 432900, China; 2. Department of Imaging, Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou 510317, China
关键词:
COVID-19肺炎影像组学纹理特征直方图特征支持向量机
Keywords:
Keywords: COVID-19 pneumonia radiomics texture feature histogram feature support vector machine
分类号:
R814.42;R563.1
DOI:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-202X.2020.04.012
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
【摘要】为了识别新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)和非COVID-19肺炎(其他肺炎)的患者,提出一种基于胸部CT图像影像组学特征的分类方法。分别收集COVID-19患者和其他肺炎患者各90例的胸部CT图像,并手动勾勒肺炎病变区域;然后,利用影像组学方法提取病变区域的纹理特征和直方图特征,获得每个样本对应的一阶影像组学特征向量;最后,使用纹理特征和直方图特征作为输入,构建线性支持向量机(linear SVM)模型,对COVID-19患者和其他肺炎患者进行分类。该模型使用20次10折交叉验证进行训练和测试。对于COVID-19患者,还进行了相关分析(多次比较校正-Bonferroni校正,p<0.05/7),以确定纹理和直方图特征是否与血液的实验室测试指标相关。结果表明本研究提出的方法具有良好的分类性能,分类准确度高达87.56%,敏感度为82.78%,特异性为92.33%,受试者工作特性曲线下面积为0.939,这也证明了两组人群的影像组学特征是高度可区分的,此模型可以有效地识别和诊断COVID-19患者和其他肺炎患者。相关分析结果显示某些纹理特征与白细胞、中性粒细胞和C反应蛋白正相关,而也有某些纹理特征与血氧和中性粒细胞负相关。
Abstract:
Abstract: A classification method based on radiomics features of chest CT images is proposed to identify patients with COVID-19 and those with other pneumonias. The chest CT images of 90 patients with COVID-19 and 90 patients with other pneumonias are collected in the study, and the regions of interest of pneumonia are manually outlined. Then radiomics is used to extract the texture features and histogram features of the lesion regions, thereby obtaining the first-order radiomics feature vector of each sample. Finally, the texture features and histogram features are taken as inputs to construct a linear support vector machine model for classifying patients with COVID-19 and patients with other pneumonias. Ten-fold cross-validation is conducted 20 times for training and testing. For patients with COVID-19, correlation analysis (multiple comparison correction-Bonferroni correction, p<0.05/7) is also carried out to determine whether the textural features and histogram features are correlated with laboratory indexes of blood. The results show that the proposed method has excellent classification performances, with a classification accuracy up to 87.56%, a sensitivity of 82.78%, a specificity of 92.33% and an area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.939, which proves that the radiomics features of the two groups are highly distinguishable and that the proposed model can effectively identify and diagnose patients with COVID-19 and patients with other pneumonias. The correlation analysis results reveal that some texture features are positively correlated with white blood cell, neutrophils and C-reactive protein, and that there are some other texture features negatively relative with blood oxygen and neutrophils.

相似文献/References:

[1]申严,杨普查,卓宋明.床旁超声联合支气管镜在被动卧床肺炎患者住院管理评估指标中的价值[J].中国医学物理学杂志,2019,36(8):933.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-202X.2019.08.014]
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[2]陈静,于勇,段海峰,等.基于定量CT对新型冠状病毒肺炎肺部改变的纵向研究[J].中国医学物理学杂志,2020,37(4):445.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-202X.2020.04.009]
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【收稿日期】2020-04-03 【作者简介】刘发明,副主任医师,主要从事CT和MRI诊断工作,E-mail:1245990069@qq.com 【通信作者】江桂华,E-mail: 13828472201@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-29